Air pollution can be defined as an alteration of air quality that can be characterized by measurements of chemical, biological or physical pollutants in the air. Therefore, air pollution means an undesirable presence of impurities or the abnormal rise in the
proportion of some constituents of the atmosphere. Air pollution is caused by the presence in the atmosphere of toxic substances, mainly produced by human activities, even though sometimes it can result from natural phenomena such as
volcanic eruption, duststorms and wildfires, also deplete air quality. Anthropogenic air pollution sources are:

  1. Combustion of fossil fuels like coal and oil for electricity and road transport, producing air pollutants like nitrogen and sulphur dioxide.
  2. Emission form industries and factories releasing large amount of carbon monoxide
  3. Major contributors to air pollution include:

On-road vehicles
Industrial emissions
Road Dust
Biomass burning for cooking
Solid-waste burning
Crop burning

India one of the most polluted:
 Air pollution levels (PM2.5, particulate matter with a size less than 2.5 micrometres) in most of the Indian cities are far beyond the WHO’s guidelines of 10 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3).
 In 2016, 18 of 25 most polluted cities in the world were in India.
The centre’s recently launched National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) attempts to achieve this by calling for a collaborative and participatory approach to focus on all sources of pollution, with a time-bound national-level strategy.

National Clean Air Programme:
NCAP sets a target of 20-30% reduction of PM2.5 and PM10 by 2024, with 2017 as the base year for comparison.It seeks to combat air pollution in a comprehensive and time-bound manner.
The programme’s objective is to put in place mitigation actions for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution. To achieve this, NCAP requires detailed knowledge of data, research findings and time-to-time policy impact analysis.
Disease Burden due to Air pollution:
 While India had 18% of the global population, it had 26% of global DALYs attributable to air pollution in 2017.
 8% of the total disease burden in India and 11% of premature deaths are attributed to air pollution.
 An estimated 1.24 million deaths in India in 2017 occurred due to air pollution.
 Out of 1.24 million, 0.67 million deaths occurred due to ambient particulate matter pollution and 0.48 million deaths due to household air pollution.
 About 38% of the disease burden due to air pollution in India is from cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
 Air pollution in India is the leading cause for disease burden from ischaemic heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer, which are commonly associated with smoking.

The Supreme Court has legalized the bursting of only green, silent versions of the anar (flowerpot) and phuljari (sparklers) crackers in Delhi-NCR. These, according to the Delhi government claims, bring down air pollution by as much as 30 per cent. The police have also promised strict legal action against anyone found selling crackers other than the two mentioned above.
The Delhi government has also announced a seven-point action plan to combat pollution during Diwali and a five-point action plan to combat winter pollution. Some of the measures proposed include the implementation of the odd-even scheme from 4-15 November, procuring N 95 masks and distributing it among people and organizing a community Diwali laser show to detract people from bursting crackers. There are also plans to increase the frequency and area of sprinkling water on roads to reduce dust pollution, identifying pollution hotspots in the city and taking appropriate action, as well as having two designated ‘environment marshals’ in each ward of the city to ensure that no leaf-burning activity takes place. The Delhi police, for its part, have not issued a single license to any ordinary or gunpowder firecracker seller, if reports are
to be believed. While administrative efforts have mostly been geared towards promoting the use of green crackers and carrying out punitive action on offenders, only time will tell if these measures will bear the desired fruits.

Author- Sangeeta paul



  1. I just wanted to write down a small remark to express gratitude to you for these amazing steps you are giving out here. My considerable internet search has finally been honored with high-quality suggestions to share with my friends and classmates. I would assume that we website visitors are rather fortunate to live in a decent community with very many wonderful professionals with valuable guidelines. I feel pretty fortunate to have encountered your website and look forward to tons of more thrilling moments reading here. Thank you once more for everything.

  2. Needed to put you that tiny word to be able to say thanks a lot once again for those exceptional techniques you’ve featured here. This has been really pretty generous of you to present openly precisely what a lot of folks would have advertised for an e-book to make some profit for themselves, most importantly seeing that you could have tried it if you desired. Those things additionally acted as a fantastic way to fully grasp that other people online have the same zeal just as my own to understand a little more when it comes to this issue. I am sure there are lots of more pleasurable times in the future for those who read carefully your site.

  3. I simply wished to thank you so much once again. I do not know the things that I might have achieved without these creative concepts shown by you on such field. This has been a very intimidating difficulty for me, nevertheless observing this well-written way you dealt with that made me to jump with contentment. I’m happy for your service and then pray you recognize what an amazing job you have been putting in teaching many people all through your webblog. More than likely you haven’t come across any of us.

  4. I needed to compose you one little bit of observation to finally say thanks once again just for the lovely thoughts you have contributed in this article. It was pretty open-handed with people like you to deliver unhampered precisely what many of us might have offered for an e book to end up making some profit for their own end, notably given that you could have done it if you ever considered necessary. These things as well worked like the great way to be sure that most people have the same desire like my very own to realize more and more concerning this matter. I’m sure there are many more enjoyable moments ahead for many who scan your website.

  5. I’m also commenting to make you be aware of of the remarkable experience my wife’s daughter developed viewing yuor web blog. She realized numerous pieces, which include what it’s like to have a wonderful helping mood to get folks effortlessly grasp selected complicated topics. You undoubtedly exceeded visitors’ expectations. Thank you for delivering such effective, safe, revealing and as well as fun tips on the topic to Sandra.

  6. My husband and i have been really comfortable when Raymond could finish off his inquiry through your ideas he got from your very own blog. It is now and again perplexing just to choose to be releasing methods which often some other people have been trying to sell. So we discover we have got the writer to thank because of that. All the explanations you made, the simple site navigation, the friendships you make it easier to create – it’s all great, and it is helping our son and the family reason why this theme is enjoyable, and that is incredibly essential. Thanks for all the pieces!

  7. I not to mention my friends happened to be taking note of the excellent ideas from your website while quickly got a terrible feeling I never thanked the site owner for those techniques. All the men are already consequently happy to read through all of them and have in effect absolutely been taking advantage of them. Thanks for turning out to be simply thoughtful and also for finding variety of great themes millions of individuals are really needing to understand about. My personal sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  8. I am glad for commenting to let you understand of the magnificent encounter my friend’s princess had reading through your web page. She picked up too many issues, including what it’s like to possess an awesome giving style to have folks easily know precisely chosen impossible issues. You truly did more than my expected results. Many thanks for delivering such great, safe, revealing as well as fun tips about the topic to Tanya.

Write A Comment